http://dx.doi.org/10.21276/ijlssr.2017.3.2.14

Study of Orthopedic Injuries Pattern by Road
Traffic Accident Victims
Amaresh Prasad Sinha*
Assoc. Prof., Department of Orthopedic, Lord Buddha Koshi Medical College, Saharsa, Bihar, India
*Address for Correspondence: Dr. Amaresh Prasad Sinha, Associate Professor, Department of Orthopedic,
Lord Buddha Koshi Medical College, Saharsa, Bihar, India
ABSTRACT- Road traffic accidents (RTA) are a continuing endemic occurrence both in the developed and developing
countries leading to one of the highest causes of mortality and morbidity. A Road Traffic Accident (RTA) can be defined
as, 'An event that occurs on a way or street open to public traffic; resulting in one or more persons being injured or killed,
where at least one moving vehicle is involved. The current study is a cross sectional study seen the pattern of injuries
occurred by RTA. Total numbers of 384 RTA victims were undertaken in this study at Lord Buddha Koshi Medical
College, Saharsa, Bihar, India from Jan 2016 to June 2016. Total numbers of 384 RTA victims were undertaken in this
study. Age & sex wise distribution were analyzed. Types of injury, causes, and outcome were also analyzed. In this study
we were concluded that the age and sex distribution is independent of accident occurrence. It is clear that fractures on
head & face are common in RTA. Fractures in lower limb & upper limb are also common in road traffic accidents. Present
study showed that the motorcyclist is at more risk. Various reports in India have shown that the outcome of RTA is not
only a health hazard but also an economic burden.

Key-words- Road Traffic Accident, World Health Organization, Public Health Issue


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