Thursday 24 June 2021

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Wednesday 7 February 2018

Int. J. Life. Sci. Scienti. Res., 3(6): 1509-1515, November 2017

Zika Virus: A Review
Areena Hoda Siddiqui1*, Chandranandani Negi2, Sunita Singh3, Shabnam Parveen4
1Consultant Microbiologist, Department of Lab Medicine, Sahara Hospital, Lucknow, India
2Lecturer, Department of Biotechnology, Dr. P. D. B. H Govt. P.G. College, Kotdwara, Uttarakhand, India
3Research Officer, Department of Microbiology, King George Medical University, Lucknow, India
4Regional Coordinator, International Journal of Life Sciences Scientific Research, India

*Address for Correspondence: Dr. Areena Hoda Siddiqui, Consultant Microbiologist, Department of Lab Medicine, Sahara Hospital, Lucknow, India

ABSTRACT- Zika virus is a mosquito transmitted flavivirus belongs to family Flaviviridae, which became the focus of an ongoing pandemic and public health emergency all around the world.  Zika virus (ZIKV) has 2 lineages: African and Asian. Mosquito-borne flaviviruses are thought to initially replicate in dendritic cells and then spread to lymph and therefore the blood stream. Risk for infection through blood transfusion, sexual practices, and perinatal transmission exists. The potential routes of perinatal transmission are all over delivery, breastfeeding and by close contact between the mother and newborn baby. ZIKV is often misdiagnosed with other infection like Dengue and Chikungunya because of similar clinical manifestation. The association between these conditions with Zika virus infection is still not confirmed and is under assessment. Since ZIKV has neither an effective treatment nor a vaccine is available, therefore the public health authority focuses on preventing infection, particularly in pregnant women and virus transmitted region. Zika infections in adults may result rarely in Guillain-Barre syndrome. World Health Organization and different health officers are working on the development of new projects and mosquito control methods to cope up with infection as there’s very less literature present on the pathologic process of the Zika virus to help interpret the clinical disease spectrum and target treatments to minimize or prevent infection. WHO/PAHO encourages the countries to set up and retain Zika virus infection detection, clinical management and community assertion strategies to decrease transmission of the virus. This review describes the current understanding of the epidemiology, transmission, clinical characteristics, and diagnosis of Zika virus infection, as well as the future outlook with regard to this disease.

Key Words: Zika virus (ZIKV), RNA virus, Endocytosis, Viral genome, Viral messenger RNA

Int. J. Life. Sci. Scienti. Res., 3(6): 1424-1432, November 2017

Review on Beetles (Coleopteran): An Agricultural Major Crop Pests of the World
 Dr. S. S. Patole*
Associate Professor, Department of Zoology V.V. M’s S. G. Patil ASC College, Dhule (M.S.), India

Address for Correspondence: Dr. S. S. Patole, Associate Professor, Department of Zoology, V.V. M’s S. G. Patil ASC College, Sakri Dist- Dhule (M.S.)- 424304, India

ABSTRACT- The present review deals on major Coleopteran beetles of agricultural crop pests include 45 genera and 55 species from 15 families. Most of beetles are pest of cereals and millets (3), oil seed crops (2), fibre crops (4), vegetables (11), temperate fruits (7), sub-tropical and tropical fruits (9), ornamental plants (2), plantation crop (8), spices (4) and stored grains (5). Among families; Curculionidae was dominated by 12 (21.8 %) species followed by Chrysomelidae 10(18.18 %), Cerambycidae 9(16.3 %), Scarabaeridae 6(10.9 %), Coccinellidae 3(5.4 %), Apionidae, Bostrychidae, Brachidae, Buprestidae and Scolytidae each with two species (3.6 %). Whereas families like Dermestidae, Lamiidae, Meloidae, Melonithidae and Tenebrionidae contribute each with single species (1.8 %).
Key-words- Coleopteran beetle, Cereals, Spices, Stored grains, temperate fruits

Saturday 1 April 2017
Laparoscopic Transperitoneal Ureterolithotomy- An Alternative to Open Surgery
Effect of Fungicides on Growth and Development of Spodoptera litura
Kuldeep Srivastava2*, Sonika Sharma1, Devinder Sharma1, Ramesh Kumar2
1Division of Entomology, S K Univ. of Agri. Sciences and Tech., Chatha, Jammu, India
2ICAR-National Research Centre on Litchi, Muzaffarpur, Bihar, India
*Address for Correspondence: Dr. Kuldeep Srivastava, Senior Scientist, ICAR- National Research Centre on Litchi, Muzaffarpur, Bihar, India
ABSTRACT- The present investigation on the impact of fungicides on the growth and development of Spodoptera litura was carried out in the laboratory of the Department of Entomology, SKUAST- Jammu, during the year 2012-13. Base-line toxicity of two fungicides viz., mancozeb and ridomil MZ were evaluated against S. litura in the laboratory. The results showed that fungicides significantly influenced the growth and development of S. litura. The larval development duration was significantly short, and it was an average (14.61± 0.30), (16.28±0.66) days, when treated with ridomil, and mancozeb respectively. The results show that fungicides can serve a practical tool to reduce the S.litura and may assume a greater role in integrated programs showed to manage insect pests and pathogens.

Key-words- Spodoptera litura, Fungicides, Bioassay, Growth and development

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